Previous studies demonstrated that acute exercise can enhance glucose uptake (GU), γ3-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity, and Akt substrate of 160 kDa (AS160) phosphorylation in skeletal muscles from low-fat diet (LFD)- and high-fat diet (HFD)-fed male rats. Because little is known about exercise effects on these outcomes in females, we assessed postexercise GU by muscles incubated ± insulin, delta-insulin GU (GU of muscles incubated with insulin minus GU uptake of paired muscles incubated without insulin), and muscle signaling proteins from female rats fed a LFD or a brief HFD (2 wk). Rats were sedentary (LFD-SED, HFD-SED) or swim exercised. Immediately postexercise (IPEX) or 3 h postexercise (3hPEX), epitrochlearis muscles were incubated (no insulin IPEX; ±insulin 3hPEX) to determine GU. Muscle γ3-AMPK activity (IPEX, 3hPEX) and phosphorylated AS160 (pAS160; 3hPEX) were also assessed. γ3-AMPK activity and insulin-independent GU of IPEX rats exceeded sedentary rats without diet-related differences in either outcome. At 3hPEX, both GU by insulin-stimulated muscles and deltainsulin GU exceeded their respective diet-matched sedentary controls. GU by insulin-stimulated muscles, but not delta-insulin GU for LFD-3hPEX, exceeded HFD-3hPEX. LFD-3hPEX versus LFD-SED had greater γ3-AMPK activity and greater pAS160. HFD-3hPEX exceeded HFD-SED for pAS160 but not for γ3-AMPK activity. pAS160 and γ3-AMPK at 3hPEX did not differ between diet groups. These results revealed that increased γ3-AMPK activity at 3hPEX was not essential for greater GU in insulin- stimulated muscle or greater delta-insulin GU in HFD female rats. Similarly elevated γ3-AMPK activity in LFD-IPEX versus HFD-IPEX and pAS160 in LFD-3hPEX versus HFD-3hPEX may contribute to the comparable delta-insulin GU at 3hPEX in both diet groups.